A directory of resources inthe field of technical communication.

Intellectual Property

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51.
#18745

ECMS: Sistemas Electrónicos de Gestión del Derecho de Autor

En plena era de la información, las posibilidades que brinda Internet como medio de comunicación de masas ha incentivado a muchos autores a utilizar la red de redes para promocionar, publicar y difundir sus obras. Cualquier usuario o cliente, desde su casa y con un simple 'clic' de ratón, puede acceder así a estas obras intelectuales en cuestión de segundos. Pero la misma definición de información electrónica conlleva que, del mismo modo, cualquier persona pueda infringir los derechos de autor, tanto patrimoniales como morales, con un simple 'clic' de ratón.

Hassan Montero, Yusef. Nosolousabilidad.com (2001). (Spanish) Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

52.
#27126

Economic and Constitutional Influences on Copyright Law in the United States

Despite the many signs of convergence of European and U.S. copyright laws, this article contends that copyright law in the United States will continue to differ in two significant respects from authors' rights laws of member states of the European Union.

Samuelson, Pamela. University of California Berkeley (2000). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>International

53.
#25864

Economics of Scientific and Biomedical Journals: Where Do Scholars Stand in the Debate of Online Journal Pricing and Site License Ownership Between Libraries and Publishers?   (peer-reviewed)

The emergence of e–journals brought a great change in scholarly communication and in the behavior of scholars. However, the importance of scholars’ behavior in the pricing of scientific journal has been largely ignored in the recent debate between libraries and publishers over site license practices and pricing schemes. Stanford’s survey results indicate that sharply increasing costs are the main reason for individual subscription cancellation, driving users to rely on library or other institutional subscriptions. Libraries continue to be a vital information provider in the electronic era and their bargaining power in the market and the importance of roles in scholarly communication will be increased by branding and a strong relationship with users. Publishers’ strategy for thriving in the electronic era is not to lose personal subscribers. Cooperation among the three sectors — scholars, libraries, and publishers — promises optimal results for each sector more than ever.

Jeon-Slaughter, Haekyung, Andrew C. Herkovic and Michael A. Keller. First Monday (2005). Articles>Publishing>Intellectual Property

54.
#20614

Ethics in Technical Communication: Copyleft and the Open Source Movement

A collection of resources about open-source software, innovation in copyright, and their implications for technical communicators.

Lannon, John M. Pearson Education. Resources>Intellectual Property>Ethics>Open Source

55.
#31439

The Evolving Art of Rapid Response

PR people have been in the business of giving away content to reporters for so long that the matter of who owns the content—or who may use it under what circumstances— hasn't much concerned us. But our thinking about content and copyright is beginning to change as we put a rapidly expanding range of content on the web.

Forbush, Dan. Communication World Bulletin (2005). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>Public Relations

56.
#10190

Fair Use and Distance Learning in the Digital Age   (peer-reviewed)

At Wharton Executive Education we use technology to deliver up-to-the-minute information to students on campus and on line. As part of my job as systems coordinator, I set up electronic course material reserves for The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania's well-known and highly respected executive programs. Most of the programs are campus-based over a few days or a few weeks, but some are distance-education courses that can last several weeks. I also secure permission to store materials and allow access through a secure Web site for the students. However, because we use technology in innovative ways, we sometimes cannot deliver the latest information as quickly as we would like.

Smith, Millison. Journal of Electronic Publishing (2000). Articles>Intellectual Property>Education>Online

57.
#30494

Fair Use: What Copyrighted Works Can We Use?   (PDF)

Copyright laws permit us to make fair use of copyrighted works. We can reproduce and use copyrighted works if our uses benefit the public and if they will not adversely affect potential markets for the works. Generally, we can use copyrighted works for purposes such as the following: criticism, comment, news reporting teaching scholarship, or research. However we cannot unfairly make a profit from the use. Further, we cannot use more than a small portion of an entire work.

Helyar, Pamela S. STC Proceedings (1993). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

58.
#21716

Fair-Use Issues

How to appropriately and lawfully use existing copyrighted materials in teaching, research, and other activities.

Indiana University. Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

59.
#35748

Feel the Fear and Do It Anyway (or, the Privatization of the English Language)

I find it unbelievable that a common phrase (that was used way before it was the title of any book) can be trademarked. We’re not talking about the names of products … we’re talking about the English language. You know, the words many of us use for such things as … talking, and writing, and general communication? Perhaps I’m a little behind the times, but is it really possible to claim whole chunks of the language, and force people to get permission to use the language, just in everyday speech?

Babauta, Leo. Zen Habits (2009). Articles>Intellectual Property>Trademark>Writing

60.
#22664

Finding and Using Art on the Web

So you want to add graphics to your site, but you don't know where to get them? Well—first you have to learn that you can't just take graphics off someone else's site unless you want to go directly to Jail, do not pass go, and do not get $200 (though your Lawyer will get at least that per hour).

Will-Harris, Daniel. Typofile (2003). Design>Web Design>Intellectual Property>Graphic Design

61.
#25644

First We're a "Virus," Now We Kill People with AIDS

Discusses claims that creative commons have 'spread like a virus' and 'U.S. copyright income' could be at risk.

Lessig, Lawrence. Lessig Blog (2005). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

62.
#27125

Five Challenges for Regulating the Global Information Society   (Word)

Information technology (IT) is unquestionably having a profound effect on many aspects of the social, cultural, economic, and legal systems of planet Earth. IT has enabled significant advances in global communications technologies, particularly the Internet, that make it more possible than ever before to contemplate the development of a global information society. (Originally published in Regulating the Information Society, Chris Marsden, ed., Routledge Press 2000.)

Samuelson, Pamela. University of California Berkeley (2000). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

63.
#25645

Free Culture

The modern-day equivalents of the early twentieth-century radio or nineteenth-century railroads are using their power to get the law to protect them against this new, more efficient, more vibrant technology for building culture.

Lessig, Lawrence. Lessig Blog (2003). Books>Intellectual Property>Community Building

64.
#26335

Freedom of Expression®: Overzealous Copyright Bozos and Other Enemies of Creativity  (link broken)   (PDF)

The notion of intellectual property now extends well beyond digital music sampling to biology (gene patenting) and "scents and gestures"--and laws governing it, the author says, are being wielded like a bludgeon.

McLeod, Kembrew. Kembrew.com (2003). Books>Intellectual Property>Copyright

65.
#22287

The Future of Copyright

At the 12th annual Computers, Freedom and Privacy meeting I was on a panel debating the future of intellectual property, in particular the issue of how copyright law is constraining technology. Other panelists included John Perry Barlow, Steve Metalitz of the IIPA, and fellow named Wrenn from Yahoo. As is so often the case, I was the only woman on the panel, and the only librarian. Oh, and I had five minutes to make my case. What you can't see here is that at the point when I said 'I am of course talking about librarians' the audience burst into applause. If you, reader, are a librarian, then that applause was for you. I wish you could have heard it!

Coyle, Karen. Karen Coyle (2002). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

66.
#18893

The Great Giveaway

Good ideas are worth money. So why are hard-headed operators giving them away for free?

Lawton, Graham. New Scientist.com. Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>Open Source

67.
#21721

A History of Copyright in the United States

Since the Statute of Anne almost three hundred years ago, U.S. law has been revised to broaden the scope of copyright, to change the term of copyright protection, and to address new technologies.

Association of Research Libraries (2003). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>History

68.
#31421

How International Copyright Law Works

If you photocopy an article in the U.S., you apply U.S. copyright law. If you photocopy an article in France, you apply French copyright law. That's the way international copyright law works: You apply the law of the country in which use of the work is made. This is called "national treatment" and is the underlying principle in the leading copyright convention, the Berne Copyright Convention.

Harris, Lesley Ellen. Communication World Bulletin (2005). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>International

69.
#36477

How to Find Free, Online Content that You’re Allowed to Re-Use

A couple of weeks ago, Jason explained how ProfHacker finds most of the images that we use on this site: we search the photo-sharing site Flickr for pictures that have a particular kind of Creative Commons license. There are several different permutations of these licenses, which are designed to provide a creator with more flexibility than copyright provides without requiring the creator to give up copyright. They’re also a pretty convenient bit of information for people looking to “remix” materials originally created by someone else and then shared online with a license that allows remixing.

Williams, George H. Prof Hacker (2009). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>Graphic Design

70.
#21981

How to Write Copyright Pages   (Word)

A well-designed user guide contains a copyright page, which provides copyright information for your company's products as well as for any third-party products mentioned in your document.

Amott, Lyndsey. Docsymmetry (2004). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>Technical Writing

71.
#25089

Hyperlinks, Frames and Intellectual Property

This paper is concerned with how the use of hyperlinks and frames to present material from another website may infringe the rights of the originating site.

Hudson, Roger. Usability.com.au (1999). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright>Hypertext

72.
#10603

The Importance of 'Electronic Publication Rights'

Are publishers entitled to place the contents of their newspapers and periodicals into electronic databases and on CD-ROM without first receiving the permission of the individual freelance authors whose contributions are included on those periodicals? At least one court has said 'no.' This article explains why.

Landau, Michael. GigaLaw.com (2000). Articles>Intellectual Property

73.
#10605

The Importance of International Laws for Web Publishers

Because of the inherent global nature of the Internet, a web publisher in one country cannot be unconcerned about laws in other countries. For example, some countries impose language requirements on web sites, while others may seek to apply their own defamation laws. This article explores some of the international legal consequences of web publishing.

Morris, Stan. GigaLaw.com (2001). Articles>Intellectual Property>International

74.
#19543

Information Process Patents in the U.S. and Europe: Policy Avoidance and Policy Divergence   (peer-reviewed)

Patents on software and business methods appear to have a pivotal position in today's economy, yet they have remained a policy backwater in which scope of patentable subject matter has expanded without legislative input. This is changing as Europe struggles with patent reform. A push by the European Commission to validate and promote software patents has been opposed by many companies and professionals, and especially the open source community. In this process, it has become clear that Europe opposes the broad non-technical patents on business methods that are now available in the U.S., signaling a major rift in international standards of patentability.

Kahin, Brian. First Monday (2003). Articles>Intellectual Property>Patents

75.
#23049

Innovation Architecture

As the original end-to-end architecture of the Internet is increasingly compromised, and as copyright and patent law expand their reach, the commons of code, content and creativity that launched the World Wide Web is being quietly smothered. While Lessig focuses on technology and the law, his dark prophecies are relevant to the practice of information architecture.

Morville, Peter. Semantic Studios (2002). Articles>Intellectual Property>Copyright

 
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